Terms Starting with the Letter “B”

B port: The modern type of socket that we use in modern Android devices.

Backup ring: They are the mechanical elements that supports the seal rings to prevent the deformation of them under pressure.

Baffle plate: They are designed to regulate or prevent the fluid flow in different kinds of systems. We use them in the systems such as pneumatics.

Balanced valve: In hydraulic systems we use these types of valves the hydraulic fluid flows. This makes it by regulating the fluid flow alonf the hydraulic system.

Ball valve: They are very common types of valve that uses a rotating ball inside the fluid flow channel.

Bar: Straight structural members in mechanical designs and systems.

Barbed connector: A type of fitting that we use in the connection of hoses. We use the basic types of them in our gardens.

Barrel: Hollow cylindrical container that contains different kinds of things inside them. Also, there are lots of technical explanations and meanings of barrel according to the changing topic.

Base cap: Decorative pieces that we are mounting ob the floor baseborads.

Bearing cap: Structural elements that we use in the different machines that provides the places to attach bearings. The most important applications of them is the engine cranckshaft bearings.

Bellows: They are the structural members to protects the bearings and seals from dirt.

Bellows actuator: It produces linear or non-linear motions to activate the bellows.

Bent axis pump: In these pump systems, pistons are in a angled position that their motion is initiated by the movements of eccentrically placed plate. They are very common in the hydroulic applications.

Bimetallic strip: In electrical circuits, they protect the system from excessive electrical currents.

Bleed-off speed control: This is a bypass flow that reduces the wasted energy in fluid flow mechanisms. They use these systems in the hydraulic systems.

Blowers: They are the air conditioning devices that they blows the air by giving them a speed.

Bourdon gauge: This is a type of mechanical pressure measurement devices that we use in the liquid and gas pressure measurements.

Boyle’s law: According to the Boyle’s law, the pressure of a gas decreases wşth the increasing volume in the same temperature.

British thermal unit(BTU): The amount of heat energy that we need to increase the temperature of one pound of water one Fahrenheits. The metric equivalent of the BTU is joule.

Bumpless transfer: It is a system in control systems where the transition from automotic control to manual control take place without any disruption of the general system.

Buna-N Seal: It is a very elastic and industrial use seal. Their use are very common in hydraulic applications.

Bursting pressure: In a tubing or cylinderical containers, it represensts the maximum pressure where the burst will take place. It has vaey close relation with the hoop stress.

Butterfly valve: These are the types of valves that we use in the narrow spaces to control the flowing fluid. In big hydarulic mechanisms, we use butterfly valves in general.

Backbone chassis: They are the types of chassis structures strongly connects the rear and front axles with the tubular systems.

Basic oxygen steelmaking: In blast furnaces, steel is produced with the blasst of oxygen to the iron ores.

Battery car conversion technology: They are the yechnologies to convert the AC powr supply to DC.

Beam: Straight structural elements in mechanical and structural applications.

Bedford vehicles: An heavy old truck business that produce by General Motors. It stopped their actions in 1991.

Bending stiffness: Bending stiffness is the resistance of a structure to bending moments and bending deformation.

Birdcage frame: Types of strong automotive frames which are very strong. They use them in the offroad applications.

BIW (body-in-white) structure: This is the total frame and chassis of the car that separate parts are welded together.

Black smoke: Carbon based smokes that take place becuase of the combustion of fuels.

BMW: Bayerische Motoren Werke or Bavaria Motor Workshops which is a luxury german car brand.

Body slip angle control: The difference between the direction a vehicle is travelling (known as heading or course over ground) and the direction that the body of the vehicle is pointing (true heading).

Braking time: Total time that passed to completely stop the vehicles from specific speed.

Breather systems: They are the systems to provide extra air to the air tanks in pneumatic systems.

Broadband white noise: They are the types of noises that distributed over the audible range.

Bucket-and-hole analogy: There are several things in life we cannot hold on to. We cannot hold on to time, we cannot make good experiences last, we cannot make another hold on to us.

Bottom dead centre: In internal combustion engines, this is the place of the piston where they take the lowest poıint in the cylinder.

Break-by-wire: It is a braking technology for the vehicle systems where the braking take placve with electrical signals instead of direct hydraulic control.

Brake booster: They are the mechanical and electromechanical systems to increase the effect of the brake pedal in braking systems of automobiles. It enhances the force that is exerted by the foot of the driver to the brake pedal.

Brake creep-groan: This is the sound comes from the brake systems in lower speed when the driver pushes the brake pedal. By changing the discs you can solve this noise. But in general, it is considered as normal.

Brake judder: This is the vibrational effect from the braking systems that drivel feel thourgh the steering wheel and the suspension system.

Brake mean effective pressure: This is the total brake pressure where they calculate the pressure inside the engine cylinders and pistons. The acronym is BMEP.

Brake moan: This is the noise that comes from the braking system that occur in low pressure applkication in low speeds.

Brake noise: The noise that comes from the brake discs and pads when the driver hits the brake pedal. It can be a big sign of brake problems of your car.

Brake pressure modulating mechanism: This is a electromechanic system that modulates the total pressure on the discs in the ABS systems.

Brake-specific fuel consumption: The total efficiency of a internal combustion engine or electrical engine that gives the total powe rto the shaft uotput. The acronym is BSFC. They calcylate it by multiplying the fuel comsumtion, brake power and fuel consumprion rate.

Brake squeal: Noise and vibration that caused by a misalinged brake pads and brake dics.

Brake system layout: Schematical layout of a brake system of the automotive systems.

Brake: System that stops or decrease the velocity of a vehicle. There is a pedal that driver pushes to stop teh vechile.

Brake dash light: Brake dash light blinks if there is a problem with brake fluid, emergency brake is activated or problem witrh the ABS system. So, you need to see the service which can cause searious problems.

Braking force: Total barkin force that genetaed in a nraking of a vehicle system.

Braking of full vehicle: From highest speed to zero speed total braking of a automotive system.

Breaking effcieicny: This is the calculation that the ratio of the braking force to to the total weight of the vehicle.

Brake pedal ratio: This is the ratio between the force that driver applies to the pedal and the total force thgat master cylinder reveices.